En los medios

Dos estudios independientes en la revista Science muestran que la capacidad para implantar prótesis sensibles ya está aquí. Mediante electrodos conectados al sistema nervioso, el portador de la prótesis puede sentir el contacto y distinguir texturas.

Invasive species are both a fact of life and a scientific puzzle. Humans transport animals and plants thousands of miles from where they first evolved — sometimes accidentally, sometimes intentionally. Many of those species die off in their new homes. Some barely eke out an existence.

But some become ecological nightmares. In the Northeast, emerald ash borers are destroying ash trees, while Japanese barberry is blanketing forest floors, outcompeting native plants. Scientists aren’t certain why species like these are proving superior so far from home.

In the study of the human mind, old disciplinary boundaries have begun to dissolve and fruitful new relationships between the sciences and humanities have sprung up in their place. When it comes to the cognitive science of language, Stephen Booth may be the most prescient literary critic who ever put pen to paper. In his fieldwork in poetic experience, he unwittingly anticipated several language-processing phenomena that cognitive scientists have only recently begun to study. Booth’s work not only provides one of the most original and penetrating looks into the nature of Shakespeare’s genius, it has profound implications for understanding the processes that shape how we think.

Gran parte de la capacidad del VIH para escapar al sistema inmunitario y a los intentos para desarrollar vacunas están en el carácter cambiante de su cubierta. Por eso, la descripción —y obtención de imágenes— que sufre el virus justo antes de infectar a una célula se considera un paso clave para derrotarlo. Este trabajo, realizado por un equipo multicéntrico dirigido por científicos de la Universidad de Yale, ha sido publicado simultáneamente en Nature yScience.

The giant sauropod dinosaurs like Diplodocus and Apatosaurus are familiar thanks to their huge sizes and unique body shapes of a long neck and tail with a tiny head perched on top. Among their ranks were the largest terrestrial animals of all time, and yet an enduring mystery remains – how did so many animals of this size get to be so big?

¿Qué tuvo Europa de especial? Es la pregunta que llevan un siglo haciéndose los estudiosos de la evolución humana, desconcertados por la temprana aparición en las cuevas europeas –hace 35.000 o 40.000 años— de un arte tan sinóptico, elegante y luminoso que revelaba por sí mismo la evolución de una mente humana moderna, la llegada al mundo de nuestra especie. ¿Qué tuvo Europa de especial? Hoy tenemos la respuesta: nada. Porque los humanos de aquella época estaban pintando en las cuevas de Indonesia un arte en todo comparable al europeo. Y al mismo tiempo, si no antes.

Power plants waste huge amount of energy as heat—about 40 to 80 percent of the total in the fuel they burn. A new device could reduce that waste, cutting fuel consumption and carbon emissions by as much as 3 percent and saving companies millions of dollars. (Three percent might not seem like much, but for context, air travel accounts for 2 percent of worldwide carbon dioxide emissions.)

Eric Betzig eta William E. Moerner estatubatuarrak, eta Stefan W. Hell errumaniar jatorriko alemaniarra saritu ditu Suediako Errege Akademiak, eta haientzat izango da 2014ko Kimikako Nobel saria, mikroskopio optikoarentzat behinola gaindiezina zen muga gainditzeagatik: argiaren uhin-luzeraren erdia zen, ustez, mikrokospio optikoarekin lor zitekeen bereizmen handiena. Hiru sarituek, molekula fluoreszenteen laguntzarekin, nanoskopia bihurtu zuten mikroskopia, eta banakako molekulen mundua argitu zuten.

A small peptide helps a silencing construct home in on the adipocytes of obese mice.

To giraffe researchers, the paradox of this keystone African herbivore goes beyond questions of its camouflaging coat. Giraffes may be popular, they said — a staple of zoos, corporate logos and the plush toy industry — but until recently almost nobody studied giraffes in the field.